Crop conditions continue to improve
Oklahoma City - The state averaged 1.14 inches of rain over the past week, according to today’s Oklahoma Crop Weather report issued by the USDA-NASS Oklahoma Field Office. Every Mesonet station recorded some rainfall, though the generous totals were hit and miss. The Aug. 13 Drought Monitor showed improvements from a wetter than normal summer.
Almost half of the state has no drought intensity designation at all.
Only 23 percent of the state was in severe to exceptional drought, down from 32 percent a week prior, and 100 percent of the state a year ago.
Parts of the Panhandle and southwestern Oklahoma remain the hardest hit by the drought, but did receive relief this past week as 2.31 inches of rain was measured in Goodwell and almost two inches fell in Grandfield.
Crop conditions for all row crops except for cotton were rated mostly in good condition, and cotton conditions improved significantly. Pastures continued to green-up and hay conditions improved slightly. Other hay cutting made very little progress due to wet conditions. Temperatures continued to be cooler than normal for August. Topsoil moisture conditions were mostly adequate, with 75 percent rated adequate or surplus and only 25 percent rated short to very short. Subsoil moisture conditions improved slightly and were rated 56 percent adequate and 43 percent short to very short. There were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork due to wet conditions.
Row Crops: Row crops benefitted from recent rainfall and made significant progress over the past week. Corn in the dough stage was 82 percent complete by the end of the week, and 48 percent was in the dent stage 21 percent of the crop was mature by Sunday, 16 points behind normal. Sorghum heading was 69 percent complete by week’s end, and 26 percent was coloring. Soybean blooming was 62 percent complete by Sunday, and 31 percent of plants were setting pods, 18 points behind the five-year average. Peanuts pegging was 96 percent complete by the end of the week and 69 percent of plants were setting pods. Cotton squaring was 95 percent complete by the end of the week, and 72 percent of the crop was setting bolls. A small portion of cotton had bolls opening by Sunday.
The watermelon harvest was 81 percent complete by the end of the week.
Hay: Cutting of alfalfa hay showed significant progress while other hay did not, due to delays from wet conditions. Conditions improved slightly and were rated mostly good to fair. A third cutting of alfalfa hay was 83 percent complete by Sunday. A fourth cutting of alfalfa was 16 percent complete by the end of the week, 19 points behind the five-year average. A second cutting of other hay was 48 percent complete by Sunday, 11 points ahead of normal.
Pasture and Livestock: Conditions of pasture and range were rated mostly good to fair. Livestock was rated mostly in good condition.
The entire Oklahoma report can be view online at: www.nass.usda.gov/ok under “Recent Reports.” The national database, Quick Stats, and all USDA-NASS reports are available on the agency’s web site at www.nass.usda.gov. For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the USDA-NASS Oklahoma Field Office at 888-525-9226.
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